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NRS 493 Capstone Topic Summary

Capstone Topic Summary

NRS 493 Capstone Topic Summary

The topic and intervention selected for the capstone project change proposal is related to leadership and organizational changes. The topic is burnout in nurses and reduced job satisfaction and increased errors in health care practice. 

Burnout in nurses due to increased work burden were contributing factors such as lower nurse to patient ratio, poor scheduling, unnecessary paper works, repeated processes (Lahana et al., 2017), poor work-life management (Ang et al., 2016), ineffective collaboration techniques, poor work environment (Cañadas-De la et al., 2018), and external factors such as stress and unexpected conditions such as COVID-19 act critical role. For example, a study by Guixia & Hui (2020) highlighted that, nurses faced high burnout issues during COVID-19 and the condition affected their practice, quality of care, and support (Guixia & Hui, 2020). Lahana et al. (2017) found that burnout reduced job satisfaction and sense of personal accomplishment. Further, personal factors also affected throughput (Ang et al., 2016). Failing to prevent burnout will increase errors and adverse effects, health care cost, and turnover rate. Further, it reduces quality of care, job satisfaction, and quality of life (Cañadas-De la et al., 2018). 

NRS 493 Capstone Topic Summary

  Thus, the role of leaders, managers, peers, and family play an important role as leaders and managers can adopt EBP strategies such as self-efficacy, mindfulness, stress management programs (Rezaei et al., 2018), better nurse to patient ratio, and other techniques. The interprofessional collaboration where knowledge sharing, education, and teamwork reduces burden on nurses leading to reduced burnout (Yao et al., 2018). 


Ang, S., Dhaliwal, S., Ayre, T., Uthaman, T., Fong, K., & Tien, C. et al. (2016). Demographics and personality factors associated with burnout among nurses in a singapore tertiary hospital. Biomed Research International2016, 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/6960184

Cañadas-De la, G., Ortega, E., Ramirez-Baena, L., De la Fuente-Solana, E., Vargas, C., & Gómez-Urquiza, J. (2018). Gender, marital status, and children as risk factors for burnout in nurses: a meta-analytic study. International Journal Of Environmental Research And Public Health15(10), 2102. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15102102

Guixia, L., & Hui, Z. (2020). A Study on burnout of nurses in the period of COVID-19. Psychology And Behavioral Sciences9(3), 31. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.pbs.20200903.12

Lahana, E., Papadopoulou, K., Roumeliotou, O., Tsounis, A., Sarafis, P., & Niakas, D. (2017). Burnout among nurses working in social welfare centers for the disabled. BMC Nursing16(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-017-0209-3

Rezaei, S., Karami Matin, B., Hajizadeh, M., Soroush, A., & Nouri, B. (2018). Prevalence of burnout among nurses in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Nursing Review65(3), 361-369. https://doi.org/10.1111/inr.12426

Yao, Y., Zhao, S., Gao, X., An, Z., Wang, S., & Li, H. et al. (2018). General self-efficacy modifies the effect of stress on burnout in nurses with different personality types. BMC Health Services Research18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-018-3478-y

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