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PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet


The brain plays a vital role in individuals’ effective learning and memory. The brain performs three main functions, encoding, consolidation, and retrieval, which are associated with the memory and learning of the person. Healthy minds effectively take input from the environment, process it, and retrieve it for storing the information in long-term memory. In order to facilitate these functions smoothly and to improve memory abilities, different techniques will be discussed in this discussion.

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

The effectiveness of writing, visual imagery, mnemonics, and the multi-store memory model, will be further discussed. Furthermore, the techniques will be evaluative for enhancing the learning and memory of the elderly population to facilitate their memory and brain capabilities. Plans such as a healthy lifestyle, active involvement, socialization, and exercise f memory will be discussed to describe their impacts on the memory of the elders. Furthermore, theoretical insight into activity theory and continuity theory of aging will also be highlighted to provide theoretical recommendations for improving the learning and memory of elders. 

Keywords: Memory, cognitive learning, Brain, memory techniques, the elderly population 

Front Page

Title: Learning And Memory Fact Sheet 

The brain performs processing functions in the human body. It conducts a consolidated process using three vital components encoding, consolidating, and retrieving information. Encoding is the brain function of modifying the sensory input to store data. The brain takes information using different channels and stores the information for a more extended period during the encoding process. In encoding, the hippocampus actively processes the input and keeps the information in the memory longer. For example, the brain stores the new name by recalling it again, and the hippocampus stores this information in memory for future help (Mcdermott & Roediger, 2018).

 Consolidation involves the hippocampus and neocortex to utilize the stored information in the brain. In this stage, the brain uses storage information to process the new information within the memory. The last function of the brain is to retrieve information. In this process, the brain utilizes stored information to process the work. An example of retrieval includes recalling the information you studied before. 


For example, a group of participants is given the words to remember, and after some time, they are asked to spell the fifth word; this is an example of the retrieval of information. All three functions are interrelated as they facilitate the human’s effective brain functioning and memory storage to facilitate them in their daily routine activities (Mcdermott & Roediger, 2018). 

Technique  For Enhancing Learning And Memory 

Rephrase or Writing Down the Information 

Writing the information is considered an effective technique for enhancing learning and memory. The writing process of the information and rephrasing it according to the person’s capabilities make it significantly impactful to store the information. The writing activity effectively improved the brain’s ability to store new information in long-term memory and utilize it during retrieval (Weerasinghe et al., 2022). 

Multi-Store Model of Memory 

Atkinson-Shiffrin proposed a multi-store memory model, highlighting the process of memory storage within the human brain. The model highlighted that humans take information from their environment using their cognitive abilities, encode it, and consolidate it into short-term memory. After storing the information in short-term memory, they recall it using rehearsal in writing and speaking to retrieve it into long-term memory (Drigas et al., 2022). 

Create Mnemonics 

Mnemonics play a significant role in enhancing learning and memory. This technique guides the use of devices such as rhymes, acrostics, and acronyms to actively connect and flow information to store it in the memory. The word association improved mental capabilities and memory for longer (Weerasinghe et al., 2022). 

Visual Imagery

The visual imagery technique is an effective learning approach that improves memory. These techniques facilitate the long-term storage of information using visual means such as watching videos, pictures, and documentaries for an effective retentive memory process (Weerasinghe et al., 2022). 

Back Page

Title: Enhancing Learning And Memory For Elderly Population 

Exercise the Memory 

Exercise of memory is a vital technique for the elder to improve their learning and memory process. The exercise of memory includes efforts to learn and practice new information daily. The memory exercise includes active mental involvement in different learning activities that introduce new things and develop a regular recall practice. Example of exercise for memory includes playing cards, word puzzles, music learning, and book reading. For elderly people, memory exercise could also be facilitated by visual learning through pictures and video, improving their memory for a healthy brain (Babaei & Azari, 2022). 

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

Healthy Lifestyle 

A healthy lifestyle in the form of healthy eating and exercise plays a role in impactful practice in improving the learning and memory of the elderly. Healthy eating and exercise improve blood circulation; the brain gets enough care for healthy processing. These practices improved brain functioning in all three encodes, consolidating and retrieving information. This leads to active learning and storing of memory for a longer duration in elderly people (Babaei & Azari, 2022). 


Socialization plays an effective role in the healthy body and mind of the elders. The socialization improved the cognitive functioning of the elders through active involvement in conversations. The active participant n the discussion improved their brain capabilities, which improved the process of learning and storing information for longer terms. Socialization reduces the feeling of isolation and depression among the elders, further improving their health and brain functioning. Healthy conversation with their friends and families engages their minds in storing and processing new information and recalling the retrieved information, ultimately enhancing their learning and long-term memory (Tsai & Shen, 2022). 

Theories And Research Findings For Improved Memory In Elders

Activity Theory To Improve Elder Memory 

Activity theory plays a vital role in providing theoretical insights for improving the learning and memory of elders. The activity theory highlighted that active involvement of the elder in learning activities through socialization and communication improved their memory. The theoretical recommendations suggested that the active involvement of the elders improved their cognitive abilities and brain functions, significantly improving their memory and learning. Moreover, this theory highlighted that the active involvement of elders reduced stress and feelings of isolation and improved their cognition, significantly improving their learning and memory (Schmidt & Tawfik, 2022). 

Similarly, the continuity theory of aging provides theoretical insight into the effective information processing mechanism in the older, significantly impacting their memory and learning. According to the theory, the elders learned from their surroundings, gathered information, and aligned it to past experiences, which improved their encoding and retrieved brain functions. This theory highlighted that elders’ involvement in learning activities, socialization, and observation of new knowledge improved their memory and learning (Guedes & Melo, 2019). 

Zhidong et al. (2021) performed their research analysis on effective measures to improve memory in elders. The research findings highlighted that strategies such as a balanced diet, physical exercise, and socialization are effective ways to improve memory in elders.


In conclusion, it is concluded that the brain plays a vital role in the effective learning and memory of the persons such as elders. The active functioning of the brain improved encoded, consolidated, and retrieved functions that significantly enhanced learning and memory. Effective techniques such as writing, visual learning, socialization, and a healthy lifestyle, improve the brain’s health, leading to improved learning and memory in elders for better brain and life functioning. 

Self Evaluation


Level (Nonperformance, Basic, Proficient, or Distinguished)


Describe how the brain encodes, consolidates, and retrieves information 


I have described all three brain functions with evidence to provide an effective understanding of the topic. 

Explain a sufficient number of techniques for enhancing learning and memory for both a general and a specific population. 


I have explained effective techniques such as writing, visual imagery, and mnemonics to provide insight into the effective treatment strategies to enhance learning and memory with scholarly support. 

Apply theories and research findings to a topic in learning and memory in a way that is relevant to the intended audience.


I have provided effective theoretical insight into activity theory to support memory and learning improvements in elderly people. Effective techniques such as a healthy lifestyle, memory exercise, and socialization are discussed to support the findings. 

Conducts a self-evaluation using established scoring criteria and identifying the proficiency level for each criterion, including comments for each criterion.


The remarks on each competency are followed in the assessment to meet the given evaluation criteria. 

Write concisely and directly, using active voice. 


The content in the paragraphs is organized proficiently. All the paragraphs are written in engaging and simple English to understand the readers better. 

Apply the current APA style, including in-text citations and full references for sources. 


The references list, including citations, is provided in APA 7th edition. The APA referencing style is strictly followed throughout the assessment to meet the criteria. 

PSYC FPX 3500 Assessment 4 Strategies for Enhancing Learning and Memory Fact Sheet

Reference List  

Babaei, P., & Azari, H. B. (2022). Exercise training improves memory performance in older adults: A narrative review of evidence and possible mechanisms. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2021.771553 

Drigas, A., Mitsea, E., & Skianis, C. (2022). Metamemory: Metacognitive strategies for improved memory operations and the role of VR and mobiles. Behavioral Sciences, 12(11), 450. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs12110450 

Guedes, J., & Melo, S. (2019). Continuity theory. Encyclopedia of Gerontology and Population Aging, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69892-2_749-1 

Mcdermott, K., & Roediger, H. (2018). Memory (encoding, storage, retrieval). https://peachf.org/images/Science/MemEncodingStorageRetrievalMcDermott.pdf 

Schmidt, M., & Tawfik, A. A. (2022). Activity theory as a lens for developing and applying personas and scenarios in learning experience design. The Journal of Applied Instructional Design, 11(1). https://edtechbooks.org/jaid_11_1/activity_theory_as_a 

Tsai, F.-J., & Shen, S.-W. (2022). Concepts of dementia prevention in the health promotion among older adults: A narrative review. Medicine, 101(50), 32172. https://doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000032172 

Weerasinghe, M., Biener, V., Grubert, J., Quigley, A., Toniolo, A., Pucihar, K. C., & Kljun, M. (2022). Vocabulary: Learning vocabulary in ar supported by keyword visualizations. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1109/tvcg.2022.3203116 

Zhidong, C., Wang, X., Yin, J., Song, D., & Chen, Z. (2021). Effects of physical exercise on working memory in older adults: A systematic and meta-analytic review. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 18(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s11556-021-00272-y 

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