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PSY 250 Week 2 Psychoanalytic Personality

For centuries, psychology has been driven by a desire to comprehend human behavior. Over the course of time, a lot of theories that try to explain human behavior have changed. Currently, psychoanalytic theories are being utilized to investigate human behavior’s root cause. According to these theories, human behavior and thought are influenced by a variety of distinct levels of consciousness. The id, self-image, and superego are utilized to portray portions of the brain that drive conduct. The id is depicted as the part that answers the joy rule or has to fulfill joy and diminish internal pressure. The id tries to meet the most basic needs of humans. Real-world problems are dealt with by using the ego. We can solve real problems thanks to our egos. In newborn children, the id is liable for babies to want food; the self-image is answerable for the kid crying with the goal that the mother will take care of it. We can still deal with our own motivations and issues thanks to the superego, which enables us to comprehend social norms. Our mind’s most conscious component is called the superego. it permits us to take care of issues in a way that is reliable with the standards of society.

Most analysts concur with the presence of the id, self-image, and superego. However, their interpretations of the roles each plays in behavior differ. Sigmund Freud will, in general, think that sexual sentiments and connections are the main impetus for most considerations and activities. Alfred Adler feels that social interests drive conduct. Carl G. Jung typically approaches the human psyche from a historical perspective. He held the belief that individuals have distinct personalities and that their behavior exemplifies the internal conflict between those personalities. Jung observed that certain human behavior patterns have a tendency to manifest themselves in a predictable manner throughout history.

Despite the fact that each of these three men offers valuable insight, it is difficult to completely agree with any of them regarding psychoanalytic behavior. For instance, Freud places a significant emphasis on how much people’s libido influences their behavior. A considerable lot of Freud’s speculations depended on assessments of his own considerations and encounters. His pleasure and reality standards seem OK. He suggests that the “Id” is present in order to fulfill the pleasure principle. All in all, in some way or other, individuals know to fulfill needs like food, water, and proliferation. Humans are born with these desires, and the id exists in our minds so that we can act to satisfy them. Real problems can be solved with the help of the reality principle. Therefore, the reality principle is the driving force of the ego, whereas our id enables us to recognize what needs to be done. While some of Freud’s other theories about the id and the ego are plausible, others are not. His theories about psychoanalytic behavior tend to be weaker than his theories about women’s psychology because a lot of them are based on personal experience. In the late nineteenth and mid-twentieth 100 years, ladies were seen as mediocre compared to men. These convictions reverberate in his hypotheses that ladies flourish for anguish. Perhaps he observed a lot of unhappy women and reasoned that they wanted to be that way rather than because of men’s oppression. Additionally, he proposed the existence of “penis envy” among women. He was of the opinion that women were subconsciously jealous of men because they did not have exposed genitalia like their fathers or brothers did. This hypothesis may likewise be ascribed to the thoughts of the time that ladies were the lesser sex, so they would be desirous of the male private parts.

PSY 250 Week 2 Psychoanalytic Personality

Freud has other theories that are very interesting. His psychosexual improvement speculations have been bantered for hundred years at this point. He asserts that every human undergoes oral, anal, phallic, latent, and genital stages. The oral stage is the first stage of development. This is on the grounds that at that age, the main mindfulness babies have is actually that of yearning and contact. Babies will cry in response to pain because the mouth is the only way to satisfy hunger. As of now, in life, there is another side to conduct. Freud portrays the butt-centric stage as the age at which solid discharges are controlled. He noticed that a few youngsters decide to keep solid discharges while others track down a lot of delight in it. This might have to do with control issues. During the phallic stage, youngsters become mindful of their privates, as a rule around age four. At this age, they may also begin to play or masturbate and become aware of their gender. Between the phallic stage and sexual development is the latency stage. According to Freud, sexual energies will be focused on athletics or social activities at this time. Last but not least, Freud argued that a person will be able to lead a normal life if they go through the other stages of development normally (having normal sexual relations, getting married, and having children). This is known as the genital stage.

Freud believed in defense mechanisms in addition to stages of development theories. The ego uses processes called defense mechanisms to deal with anxiety. An example of this is when a person who has been the victim of a terrible crime may not be able to recall any specifics of the incident, even though they were aware of everything that happened. The wrongdoing might have been so excruciating sincerely that they curbed the memory to adapt better to the uneasiness. Another common defense mechanism is denial. Denial typically manifests itself in family members or a deceased relative. Regularly, those nearest to the departed might happen with life, accepting that their adored one is as yet alive. When a child has been missing for a long time, and the parents don’t want to change their room because they think their child is coming home, this can also happen. The act of projecting one’s negative impulses onto others is known as projection. This could happen, for instance, if a husband who is unfaithful constantly questions his wife’s fidelity. Before they split up, Jung worked with Freud as a student and colleague, and he developed his own theories of psychoanalytic behavior. Similar to Freud, he believed that the mind could be broken down into three parts: the conscious ego, the personal unconscious, and the collective unconscious. The fact that Jung places less emphasis on sexuality in his explanations of psychology is the primary distinction between Freud and Jung. His idea that the unconscious mind can suppress some thoughts in order to turn them off is very insightful.

PSY 250 Week 2 Psychoanalytic Personality

A person is not employing a defense mechanism simply because they are not thinking of something. Jung also recognized the human mind’s internal struggle. We may think one way and act another way due to certain forces. He describes them as forces of good against evil. With these theories, Jung did a good job of explaining behavior, but some of his other theories tend to make less sense. His theories about anima, the female aspect of men, and animus, the male aspect of women, do not appear to be accurate. The main explanation for any parts of a character that could be considered manly or ladylike is that society has marked them accordingly. Is a man more female since he is mild-mannered or likes to prepare? Is it true that women who are athletic appear more masculine? Men and women share more similarities than differences. It doesn’t seem very scientific to try to explain psychology by focusing on a few differences.

Alfred Adler’s mediocrity and prevalence buildings are important over grasping specific pieces of the human way of behaving. He says that if someone believes that their goals are impossible to achieve, they will develop an inferiority complex. On the other hand, in order to maintain a sense of self-worth, a superiority complex may develop. There is no doubt that people frequently exhibit both behaviors. It seems crazy to believe Adler’s theory about organ inferiority. He proposed the idea that a physical weakness can be recognized and overcome by the body rather than the mind. It should be up to biologists, not psychologists, to test this theory. His ideas about fictional goals also contain a flaw. Goals are intended to be difficult to achieve. It is normal to take a stab at flawlessness despite the fact that it may not be accomplished. To name such objectives as fictitious reduces their worth.

Each of the three of these men’s hypotheses gives significant knowledge with respect to the reason for the conduct. despite the fact that a lot of their theories are based on their own experiences and ideas. It is essential to recognize that the majority of people are very similar in nature, despite the fact that this may appear to render their theories of less value. Our environment and experience have a significant impact on our persona, but our core identity remains the same. These men were able to precisely identify certain facets of thought and behavior, making it simpler for other people to comprehend the human mind. PSY 250 Week 2 Psychoanalytic Personality.

Reference:

Friedman, H.S., & Schustack, M.W. (2009). Personality: Classic theories and modern research (4th ed.). Retrieved from

https://portal.phoenix.edu/classroom/coursematerials/psy_250/20101117/

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