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PCN 158 Topic 2 Social Justice, Racism, and Prejudice

Social Justice, Racism, and Prejudice

The focus of this paper will be a discussion of the social, political, profitable, and artistic surrounds that impact substance abuse and Treatment in case script one. The social, political, profitable, and artistic environment of Akamu’s situation will be bandied. The impact of these four surrounds on dependence and abuse and how they affect Treatment will be examined. The issues of race, culture, and race that are present in Akamu’s circumstances will be considered. Akamu’s threat and resiliency factors will be proved. The implicit treatment challenges grounded on artistic views of acquiring Treatment for dependence and abuse will be reviewed. Social, political, profitable, and artistic surroundings shape the approach to and gest regarding substance use and Treatment (Carpenter-Song, Whitley, Lawson, Quimby & Drake, 2011).

Social, Political, Economic, and Cultural Surrounds

A counselor must have knowledge of the customer’s background from a social, political, profitable, and artistic environment. Considering all of these rudiments will help with understanding their gests and possible treatment options. Akamu is 27 and has only lived in the United States 15 times and still lives with his tightly-knit family. Akamu leaving the family business is of great concern to his parents. In the social environment of Laos, the ménage tends to b multigenerational (Faruque, C.J., 2003). The counselor will need to be sensitive to this life. The counselor should be apprehensive of Akamu’s political background. Akamu came from an impoverished and loose country. He may view government agencies in a negative way( Clune). This is vital to explore with Akamu in the event that he needs backing from government agencies.

PCN 158 Topic 2 Social Justice, Racism, and Prejudice

The deportees that were fleeing from Laos into Thailand at this time were living in harsh conditions. The counselor should explore this in further detail, especially if any type of abuse or trauma passes at the camp. Another important political piece of Akamu’s case is that his family was killed by dogfaces previous to Akamu’s family arriving at the exile camp. This could beget a distrust of those in positions of power. Akamu’s family works veritably hard in the family business and puts a high value on education. They ask to be economically better than they were in the war-torn Laos that they left before( Thao, 2020). Still, failure to acclimatize to life in the United States sets the stage for profitable struggle, including dependence. Akamu’s parents are concerned that he’s smoking opium daily. The Laos people have grown opium poppy as a cash crop for the once century or further, making this a common medical problem for their people Westermeyer, Lyfoung & Neider, 1989). It’s vital for the counselor to take all of these factors into account and consider how they will affect the Treatment handed to Akamu.

Social, Political, Economic, and Cultural Impacts on Dependence and Abuse and how they Affect Treatment

It’s important for counselors to be culturally competent. Simplistic, historically oblivious, or insensitivity to a guest’s artistic, social, political, and profitable background will negatively affect the outgrowth of Treatment (Weathers, 2013). Counselors must be understanding of and pay attention to the customer’s life gets. For case, Akamu may perceive a white, middle to upper-class counselor as trouble. He may identify them as someone in power and have enmity regarding his sister’s murder. Akamu may not see his smoking of opium as a problem, as opium dependence was relatively common in his native country( Westermeyer, Lyfoung & Neider, 1989). Due to the multigenerational station of his culture, Akamu may feel trapped in his parent’s business (Thao, 2020). His education may have also suffered due to language walls or bias and prejudice by the preceptors and staff (Rush, 2011). This may leave Akamu at a disadvantage in finding a successful and fulfilling career. He may also find that issues of race, culture, and race have hindered him from advancing his life.

PCN 158 Topic 2 Social Justice, Racism, and Prejudice

Issues of Race/ Culture/ Race that Are Present

Racism and injustice manifest in academic institutions as well as in society. There have been particular consequences as a result of white boons and patient demarcation in American public seminaries. Colorblindness, ethical silencing, and the trouble of ethnical division on social cohesion are each apparent in the education system (Rush, 2011). Lack of education may play a part in Akamu’s lack of chops or purpose. He may have been looked down upon as an exile of his skin color and physical characteristics. Akamu was lost from his musketeers and the corridor of his family, including the loss of his family. He’d to leave his culture and identity to his race and race before and try as a youthful boy to assimilate into a new society. His issues of feeling caught between relating with his race and culture, race, and trying to integrate into the United States can form threat and resiliency factors in dependence and Treatment.

Threat and Resiliency Factors Present

When children are subordinated to traumatic nonage gests or dangerous stress on a regular basis, their neurodevelopment may be harmed, which may reduce their cognitive capacity to deal with stress and negative passions, contributing to unhealthy management strategies, including substance operation (Westermeyer, Lyfoung & Neider, 1989). Akamu was old enough to flash back the murder of his family, the war-torn country that he came from, and the horrors he may have endured in the exile camps. He may also be trying to find his own identity by pulling down from his family.

PCN 158 Topic 2 Social Justice, Racism, and Prejudice

Still, defensive factors from dependence and the Treatment of them include tight parent-child connections. Low family pressure has been shown to minimize the threat of substance dependence latterly in life. Akamu’s family has been through tremendous quantities of stress, as preliminarily mentioned. This stress and his background may also be a positive as Akamu may be more flexible than utmost. This may prove salutary in his desire for Treatment. All of these factors to his story and background will produce challenges to his Treatment.

Implicit Treatment Challenges Grounded on Cultural View of Acquiring Treatment for Dependence and Abuse

Traditional remedial intervention can be stigmatized or misdoubted because of belief systems about internal health and dependence that don’t fit with a Western cerebral mindset (Nguyen, G., 2011). In addition, Akamu comes from Laos, where opium use is generally part of society and relatively common. These stations and beliefs will have an effect on his desire to want Treatment. Still, since he comes from a multigenerational ménage, he may feel a responsibility not to smirch his family by his abuse. His parents are open about his issues and ready for their son to admit help. This is a big step in the morning of his recovery. Another implicit treatment challenge may be Akamu’s view of power. In some dependence programs, it’s vital that the stoner claims incompetence over their dependence. This could come as a block to effective Treatment for Akamu( Weathers, 2013). Successful recovery for Akamu must encompass culturally applicable training by the counselor. Incorporating spiritual, relational, and intergenerational training and an understanding of Akamu’s life gests will be vital to his success in recovery (Weathers, 2013). Social, political, profitable, and artistic surroundings incorporated by the counselor into the recovery program for Akamu will shape the outgrowth of his Treatment (Carpenter-Song, Whitley, Lawson, Quimby & Drake, 2011).


Carpenter-Song, E., Whitley, R., Lawson, W., Quimby, E., & Drake, R.E.( 2011). Reducing Difference in Mental Health Care Suggestions from the Dartmouth- Howard Collaboration.

Community Mental Health Journal, 47( 1), 1 – 13.


Clune,K.A.( 2016). Home in a new place, making Laos in Morganton, North Carolina. Southern societies, 22( 1), 95.

Faruque,C.J.( 2003). Migration of Hmong to Rochester, Minnesota Life in the Midwest. Hmong Studies Journal, 4( 1), 1 – 50.

Nguyen,G.( 2011). Acculturation and perceived internal health need among aged Asian emigrants. J Behav Health Serv Res, 38( 4) 526- 533. Hill.

Rush,S.E.( 2011). Talking about Race and Equality. University of Florida Journal of Law & Public Policy, 22( 3), 417 – 429.

Thao,G.( 2020). Kuv Yog Hmoob( I Am Hmong). Educational Perspectives, 52( 1), 42 – 48. Cloudbursts,B.( 2013). Cross Cultural Issues in Recovery From Addiction.


Westermeyer ,J., Lyfoung,T., & Neider,J.( 1989). An epidemic of opium dependence among

 Asian deportees in Minnesota characteristics and causes. British Journal of Dependence, 84( 7), 785 – 789.


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