NURS FPX 6103 The History of Nursing Education 1 KP

NURS FPX 6103 The History of Nursing Education 1 KP

Historical Events in Nursing

NURS FPX 6103 The History of Nursing Education 1 KP

Nursing and nursing education has had several historical influences that shaped what people experience today. The nursing profession started to provide hygiene and comfort to disable and sick people, where, in 380 AD, the first hospital was constructed. With the advancement of the medical discipline, nurses became instrumental in caring for the sick and making them comfortable. With time, nursing became recognized as an independent field. Nursing and nursing have had pivotal historical moments that have shaped modern nursing as a field. The first pivotal historical moment in nursing was in 1860 when Florence Nightingale established the first secular nursing school (Lane, 2020). Indeed, she is considered the creator of modern nursing, where she defied her family’s customs of women becoming wives and mothers to become a nurse. The second crucial moment in nursing was in 1911 when the American Nurses Association was established (Waite & Nardi, 2019). The association was created in 1896 as the Nurses Associated Alumnae to enhance nursing healthcare for armed forces. It changed its name to American Nurses Association after North Carolina passed a law to standardize nursing and other states followed suit.

NURS FPX 6103 The History of Nursing Education 1 KP

           In 1923, Yale Nursing School was established as the first nonpartisan nursing school in the United States. After it was founded, it started accepting women in its program, a custom that was lacking in other colleges and universities (Jackson & Marchi, 2020). Yale established its Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree course in 1925. However, before attending the course, candidates had to gain a general college education from another institution, and in 1934, students had to acquire a bachelor’s degree elsewhere before applying to Yale Nursing School (Jackson & Marchi, 2020). In 1974, the number one hospice program was established in the US. It was addressed by Florence Wald’s desire to become a nurse after spending much time in the hospital as a child (Bhatnagar & Lagnese, 2021). In the 1960s, she developed concern in the terminally ill, where she started a hospice program to offer home health care for terminally ill people. Finally, in 1992, Eddie Bernice was the first registered nurse was elected to the United States Congress. Later nursing training started to develop, the nursing profession underwent instant growth. 

Trends

Apart from the historical events, some trends affect nursing and will influence nursing and nursing education in the future. The trends require nurses to have practical skills beyond traditional nursing competencies. The first trend is telehealth and remote nursing. Remote patient care using mobile phones has been prevalent for decades. However, telehealth has gone beyond, incorporating a variety of multimedia channels like the internet, email, interactive video and smartphone apps (Groom et al., 2021). Telehealth and remote nursing can be instrumental in proactive care. It is a trend that will impact nursing and nursing education because with its increased use, nurses will have to learn the technology to handle the multimedia channels. 

NURS FPX 6103 The History of Nursing Education 1 KP

The second trend that will affect future nursing and nursing education is patient data and nursing informatics. Technology continues to change how nurses collect and share data. Electronic Health Records (EHRs) allow nurses to share patient data with patients and physicians (Deckro et al., 2021). Their prevalence has led to the rise of health informatics that will require nursing students to learn fundamental technical skills to understand how to include technology-driven innovations into care strategies. The last trend is artificial intelligence and automated tasks in nursing. Using AI in healthcare deals with streamlining patient care delivery. Ai technology (Robert, 2019)s in nursing include virtual nursing assistants for delivering patient medication and automated diagnostic analysis. This trend will improve nursing efficiency significantly. 

References

Bhatnagar, M., & Lagnese, K. R. (2021). Hospice care. StatPearls [Internet]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK537296/

Deckro, J., Phillips, T., Davis, A., Hehr, A. T., & Ochylski, S. (2021). Big data in the veterans health administration: Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 53(3), 288-295. 

Groom, L. L., McCarthy, M. M., Stimpfel, A. W., & Brody, A. A. (2021). Telemedicine and telehealthcare in nursing facilities. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 22(9), 1784-1801. 

Jackson, M., & Marchi, N. (2020). Graduate-entry education for nonnurses: Preparation, pathways, and progress. Nursing viewpoints, 41(1), 30-32. https://journals.lww.com/neponline/2020/01000/Graduate_Education_for_Nonnurses_.8.aspx

Lane, K. (2020). Foundation of The Nightingale Training School for Nurses. https://editions.covecollective.org/chronologies/foundation-nightingale-training-school-nurses

Robert, N. (2019). How artificial intelligence is changing nursing. Nursing management, 50(9), 30. 

Waite, R., & Nardi, D. (2019). Nursing colonialism in America: Implications for nursing leadership. Journal of Professional Nursing, 35(1), 18-25. https://www.sciencedirect.com/article/S8755722317301813

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