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NR 444 Week 3 Course Preparation Assignment Exploring Factors Influencing Health

Factors influencing health and health threats:

Various factors can influence a person’s health, including aging, diet, physical activity, smoking, stress, alcohol, drugs, injury, violence, and exposure to toxic substances. These behaviors and lifestyle choices have the potential to produce illness or disability that can negatively impact someone’s health. They are considered health-threatening as they increase the risk of developing health problems or exacerbating existing conditions. On the other hand, health-protective behaviors and practices Examples of health protection include the use of standard precautions and isolation precautions to ensure the safety and well-being of individuals.

Nursing’s Role in Influencing and changing health policy:

Nurses play a crucial role in influencing and changing health policy. As advocates for their patients and the public, nurses can identify gaps in existing health policies and advocate for necessary changes. They actively participate in professional networks and collaborate with colleagues to discuss ideas and strategies that address these gaps. Nurses can engage in policy development and legislative processes to promote and implement changes that improve healthcare delivery, access, and quality. Nurses contribute to shaping health policies that benefit individuals and communities through their expertise, knowledge, and patient-centered approach.

Comparison of private and public healthcare subsystems:

The private and public healthcare subsystems have distinct scopes and approaches. Public healthcare provision ensures everyone has access to essential healthcare services, regardless of their financial status. This system aims to promote equal access and provide healthcare as a public service. On the other hand, private healthcare involves individuals purchasing private health insurance or paying out-of-pocket for healthcare services. Sometimes, the government may provide subsidies for individuals who cannot afford private insurance. However, remote healthcare systems often incur high administrative costs, especially when government subsidies are involved. While private healthcare provides options for those who can afford it, public healthcare ensures that healthcare is accessible to all members of society.

NR 444 Week 3 Course Preparation Assignment Exploring Factors Influencing Health

Effects of economics on healthcare access:

Economics significantly impacts healthcare access, particularly in countries with private healthcare provisions. Healthcare insurance firms aim to make large profits; healthcare costs tend to be higher. The high price of health insurance often becomes a barrier, preventing many individuals from accessing necessary healthcare services. This lack of affordability leaves thousands without adequate healthcare coverage, limiting their access to medical treatments, preventive care, and essential health services. Economic factors, such as income disparities and the cost of healthcare, directly impact healthcare access and contribute to healthcare inequalities within a population.

Critical environmental health nursing practice:

Critical environmental health nursing practice involves a comprehensive assessment of the environment and its impact on health. Nurses must advocate for the well-being of the entire population and take a proactive stance in identifying and addressing environmental health issues to promote legislation and policies that protect and improve environmental health. Nurses should engage with community members and stakeholders to understand their needs and concerns regarding environmental health. By utilizing collective strategies, such as community mobilization and empowerment, nurses can effectively address environmental health challenges and promote positive health outcomes for individuals and communities.


In conclusion, understanding the various factors that influence health and pose threats is essential in promoting well-being. Nurses have a significant role in influencing and changing health policy, advocating for necessary changes to bridge gaps in healthcare systems. The comparison between private and public healthcare subsystems highlights the importance of ensuring access to healthcare for all individuals, regardless of their financial status. The economic factors surrounding healthcare access can create barriers and inequalities, underscoring the need for affordable and equitable healthcare systems.

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