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BHS 440 Topic 5 Trauma Effects on the Mind and Body


A human’s brain begins development in a fetus five weeks after generality and does not stop developing 20 to 30 times after birth( Huang, D. Liu, Z., Cao, H., Yang, J., Wu, Z., Long, Y., 2021). Trauma not only can have a profound effect on an existent’s physical life but also on the experimental changes within the brain. Trauma can be an emotional experience, a shocking event, or a physical injury incurred on or witnessed by an existent. The extent of the trauma can beget life-long emotional, neurological, physical, and spiritual goods on an existence. The purpose of this essay is to bandy how trauma affects the body and the brain and the correlation between both the body and brain when impacted by a traumatic event or series of events.

How does trauma affect the body?

Outside of the emotional goods trauma has, including fear, anxiety, depression, and stress, trauma can also affect an existent’s physical health. As substantiated, “There’s a significant connection between trauma, including adverse nonage gests (ACEs), and habitual health conditions” (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US)). When a person experiences a traumatic event, the body will go into a “fight or flight mode,” which is the brain’s way of telling the body that a commodity is wrong or dangerous. Adrenaline, released through a hormone called epinephrine, can beget nausea, dizziness, and other gastrointestinal problems.

BHS 440 Topic 5 Trauma Effects on the Mind and Body

This advanced position of adrenalin creates redundant energy in the muscles and increases blood pressure (Brahmbhatt, Richardson, & Prajapati, 2021). The cardiovascular system and respiratory system are also affected by an advanced palpitation rate and shorter breaths, which can beget hyperventilation. The drastic change within the physical body can produce a shift in mood, causing illogical wrathfulness and outbursts, paranoia, and wakefulness. In an attempt to manage the pain, trauma ensues, and people may get involved in tone-destructive geste or substance abuse to avoid acceptance of that trauma.

How does trauma affect the brain?

Trauma is a life-altering circumstance in one’s life. More importantly, the emotional goods of trauma can last a continuance. As substantiated, “Trauma challenges the just-world or core life hypotheticals that help individualities navigate diurnal life” ( Janoff- Bulman, 1992). Emotional responses to trauma can include prostration, anxiety, agitation, dissociation, confusion, and sadness (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US), 2014). On a cognitive position, responses to traumatic gests can include hypervigilance and romanticizing inaccurate pretenses.

BHS 440 Topic 5 Trauma Effects on the Mind and Body

The prefrontal cortex and orbitofrontal cortex experience a drop in function and avoidance of traumatic recollections, while the hippocampus of the brain gets increased responsiveness to sweat and emotional stimulants. Dissociation from a traumatic event can produce a disposition from recollections, passions, and studies of the traumatic event, creating a deadening response (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (US), 2014).

Unfortunately, dissociation of recollections from traumatic events is simply repressed and hourly return via flashbacks and/ or triggers, causing hypervigilant cognitive responses to protrusive recollections. A drop in resting-state functional connectivity has been set up to be connected to learning disabilities, cognitive functioning, and, indeed, common internal conditions like schizophrenia (Basset et al., 2011). A study of individuals that have experienced nonage trauma set up those dislocations within the brain’s functional networks intertwined development of psychiatric diseases, including schizophrenia diapason or bipolar diseases in the youthful majority (Huang, D. Liu, Z. et al., 2021, Pg. 24).

Connection Between Brain And Body

Individuals having endured a traumatic event may not realize that the physical symptoms they’re passing are the body’s way of expressing emotional torture and the mind’s way of preparing for perceived peril. The body and brain work hand-in-hand; thus, if the brain stops performing, the body’s organs will ultimately stop operating as well. A person can feel both emotional and physical pain after a traumatic event, in addition to a hyper-responsiveness alert to their surroundings.

BHS 440 Topic 5 Trauma Effects on the Mind and Body

Since the brain will naturally remain in a defensive, hyper-vigilant state of mind, recollections of a traumatic event will frequently be repressed until both the mind and body feel safe enough to reuse. This suppression can beget flashbacks and/ or triggers, setting off protrusive studies, recollections, and trauma-convinced visions or visions. Repeated circumstances of traumatic responses can produce life-long health problems and physical challenges within an existent’s life. For illustration, a person with PTSD and/ or a fear complaint from a once traumatic event may latterly be diagnosed with temblors or unbridled physical nervous twitches.

Trauma and Its Goods On Spiritual and Religious Beliefs

Religion and church can have a profound effect on an individual recovering from trauma. While numerous people find church a foundation on which they can fall at their shortest and most grueling times, others may find blame and fault within their church, claiming negative predestination of God, causing trauma, and questioning their purpose in life. When a traumatic event or situation occurs, those affected may not understand why God allowed the traumatic event to do.

A person with PTSD may question why they still have lasting emotional and physical effects from a once traumatic event after asking God to remove their worries, fears, and traumatic recollections. It’s important that spiritual counsels and counselors remove the connection of God to the traumatic event on a negative measure, explaining to the individual recovering that God desires His children to be happy, not harmed, and that the sin of humankind is to condemn for the trauma, not God.

Also, it’s important to bear God’s love for His children and that there’s a purpose for their lives. God’s compassion is there throughout their suffering, and individualities involved in creating the trauma will be held responsible for their conduct someday in God’s time. Developing or having an established spiritual foundation can help with the mending process of trauma and give a feeling of safety outside of reality knowing that spiritually they’re safe in God’s hands.


Having a particular experience with trauma, I can attest to these goods and factors linked to trauma. Memories of traumatic events don’t go down, nor is it canceled from a victim’s mind. Rather, it becomes a structure in a person’s life that can give both strength and weakness. God’s creation of the mortal body is astonishingly unique. The connection between the brain and the body provides an intricately well-ruined machine that, if operating duly, can do amazing effects, most importantly creating mortal life.

Like a machine erected within a machine shop, if one part isn’t running duly, the machine won’t serve duly, if at all. It’s important for trauma victims to learn how to apply the impact and good trauma has on the body to attain physical, emotional, and spiritual growth, as well as understand that the trauma itself doesn’t define them collectively. “The Devil rumored in my observance ‘You’re not strong enough to repel the storm.’ I rumored back ‘I’m the storm” (Adharanand Finn).


Bassett, D.S., Wymbs, N.F., Porter, M.A., Mucha, P.J., Carlson, J.M., Grafton, S.T., (2011). “Estimating Relations of Functional Brain Connectivity. ”) Dynamic reconfiguration of mortal brain networks during literacy. Proc.Natl. Acad. Sci.U.S.A. 108, 7641 – 7646. “Dietary Omega- 3 Adipose Acids Modulate Large-Scale Systems.”)


Brahmbhatt, A., Richardson, L., & Prajapati, S.( 2021). Relating and Managing Anxiety Diseases in Primary Care. The Journal for Nurse Interpreters, 17( 1), 18 – 25.

https//doi org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2020.10.019

Center for Substance Abuse Treatment( US). Trauma-Informed Care in Behavioral Health Services. Rockville( MD) Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration US); 2014.( Treatment Enhancement Protocol( TIP) Series, No. 57.) Chapter 3, Understanding the Impact of Trauma. Available from


Huang, D., Liu, Z., Cao, H., Yang, J., Wu, Z., & Long, Y.( 2021).” Nonage trauma is linked to dropped temporal stability of functional brain networks in youthful grown-ups” (“Childhood trauma is linked to dropped temporal stability.”) Journal of Affective diseases, 290, –30.


“Janoff-BulmanR. Shattered hypotheticals Towards a new psychology of trauma.” (“Janoff Bulman, R.( 1992). Shattered hypotheticals Towards a.”)(“Evaluation of the Dawson College Firing Cerebral. ”) New York Free Press; 1992

 “Understanding Trauma Infographic.” URL

https//lc.gcumedia.com/bhs440/understanding trauma-infographic/v1.1/

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